Many people have that perfect set of teeth by default. However, orthodontic treatments can be a saving grace for the others. These dental correction procedures use different types of braces for correcting the jaw and teeth alignment, thereby greatly improving the appearance as well as oral health.
Opting for such treatments well in advance can prevent the onset of many teeth and jaw problems and let you enjoy prime dental health for many years to come.
Until very recently, the only braces that were used had chunky metal brackets that were held together by wire.
This would make a mouthful and was used for almost all types of dental corrections. However, things are quite different now.
With the advancement in technology, a large number of braces have been made possible. Hence, modern practices use several different types of braces to best suit the orthodontic issue in hand.
This made it possible to treat a wide range of issues starting from the very mild straightening jobs to extensive dental corrections.
What are the Different Type of Braces
Given below are the different types of braces that find use in the present day orthodontic procedures.
1. Traditional Braces
These are the most basic types of braces used in the orthodontic procedures. Having evolved considerably through the decades, traditional braces are now much lighter and have a better structure than their earlier counterparts.
These braces are made of high-grade stainless steel and are attached to the tooth through metal brackets, using a special type of cement.
The metal brackets are connected to each other through a very thin arch wire which keeps them together and also helps in transferring just the right amount of pressure to the teeth so as to move them to their desired position.
The brackets are connected to the arch wire with the help of very tiny elastics, also known as the o-rings or ligatures.
These ligatures are changed each time the braces are tightened so that the original pressure can be restored.
There are also a few braces that do not require the o-rings. These are known as self-ligating braces.
2. Ceramic Braces
Ceramic Braces have the same mechanism as that of traditional braces. The only difference is that in this case, the brackets are made of transparent ceramic instead of metal.
Using these clear brackets make the ceramic braces much less visible as compared to the traditional braces.
Hence they are used more popularly by adults undergoing orthodontic treatment. However, patients using ceramic braces have also reported of the elastics getting discolored after a point of time, which can cause staining on the teeth. Using fluoride toothpaste may be helpful.
3. Damon Braces
Damon braces are currently the most popularly used braces by dentists. These offer a very gentle treatment and also do not require frequent dental visits.
These are self-ligating braces that use slide mechanism in place of the elastics for connecting the arch wires.
Damon braces give very quick results as they allow the teeth to move on their own without any need for adjustments.
This makes them less painful. At the same time, they also apply very less pressure and friction on the teeth.
Furthermore, Damon braces make it much easier to maintain a proper oral hygiene. Since the patient is not required to make frequent visits to the orthodontist, the treatment can be less expensive and ideal for people running a busy schedule.
4. Lingual Braces
Basically, this type of braces is similar to traditional braces, it’s just that the lingual braces are placed on the inner side of the bite instead of the outside.
Therefore, lingual braces provide a number of benefits, one of which is that they are invisible because they are hidden, yet they still have the same effectiveness as other braces (either metal or ceramic braces).
Although lingual braces have an advantage in aesthetic, they also come in several negative effects that make them an inappropriate choice for some patients.
They are difficult to clean because the location is hidden behind your teeth, in addition, they can also irritate the tongue within a certain period of time.
Lingual braces are also not the best option for those who require extensive dental care as a result of severe orthodontic conditions.
Removable and Clear Aligners
Retainers are a little different than the corrective braces. They do not apply any pressure but only help to retain the new position of the teeth so that they do not relapse and go back to their original position after all the effort.
Since retainers do not apply any pressure, they are not painful. It is also not necessary to wear them 24 by 7.
Usually, retainers are recommended to be used only during the night while sleeping. There are mainly two types of retainers, the removable and the fixed retainers.
The removable ones comprise of clear vacuum formed mouth guards while the fixed ones are made of stainless steel.
It is possible to shift to the fixed retainers after wearing the removable ones for a short period of time.
Invisalign is an aligner made out of transparent BPA free plastic. Since these are completely transparent and take the exact shape of your teeth, they are quite difficult to notice.
This has made Invisalign quite popular among the people of all ages. They are especially ideal for people who may not feel very comfortable upon having to wear the bulky braces in public.
The methods used for creating the invisible aligners are highly advanced and the patients can order for a new aligner to be made every once in two weeks.
This makes it possible track the improvements very closely and efficiently which is why Invisalign tends to give very quick results.
These aligners can also be taken off during meal times and cleaned with great ease. Clear aligners are ideal to be used after an ongoing corrective procedure to maintain the results and keep the teeth from moving.
7. Forsus Appliance
Forsus appliances are mainly used for correcting difficult jaw alignments, overbites, underbites, and so on. They use springs that are worn inside the cheeks and attached to the braces.
Forsus appliances replace the traditional headgear that was once used for correcting jaw alignments and are much more convenient on a comparative basis.
Since it can be difficult to correct the jaw alignments with age, Forsus appliances are best used during the early childhood, around the age of 7.
It can be helpful if the parents identify the issue in time and opt for the correct treatment procedure.
8. Palatal Expanders
Palatal expanders help in expanding the palate and are used for easing the process of tooth extraction.
These are mostly used by people with overcrowded teeth. Palatal expanders gradually move the teeth apart, thus making space for new. They are also sometimes used before opting for other types of corrective braces.
Your dentist will analyze the severity of your dental misalignment in the first place. Then, he or she may also ask how much money will be spent and of course your preference as a final decision.
If you only provide a tight budget, the possibility of traditional braces is the right choice for you. This is the most common choice for most patients, you just get used to being conspicuous when opening your mouth.
In case of traditional braces causing any discomfort, then another option you can count on is ceramic braces.
This type of braces is able to blend with your teeth and are not noticeable. However, extra treatment needs to be done to avoid any stain buildup.
While for those who want to hide their dental care from others, Invisalign can be a great option and certainly by providing more expensive fees. However, this option is not appropriate if you only have a minor problem.