The day on which you get off your braces, that day you will remember for years. Most of the patients can’t even believe on the results that they get from the braces. Finally, through it, they get a perfect smile which they are actually hoping for from the several years.
Orthodontic treatment doesn’t stop after brackets come off. Besides, the day on which the braces does remove, that time is the critical time for your tooth and bite alignment. Here the thing whose works begin there are the retainers for teeth which work just after the work of the braces.
Many patients avoid wearing retainers for teeth, this result in pain in their jaw and teeth. People even ask the question regarding what is the use of the retainers for teeth, and what they do?
We would like to answer all such questions so that the false statement that you have set for the braces and retainer that comes to an end. Let’s start this section with the purpose of the teeth retainer.
Reason for Wearing the Teeth Retainers
Genetics are responsible for the misaligned bite or crooked teeth. If the patients don’t wear the retainer, the genetics problem will get back after sometime.
If people avoid wearing a retainer, then their teeth revert to that same way in which they are before the orthodontic treatment. That means all your efforts that you have made before had gone totally wasted.
Orthodontic relapse takes place when a patient ignores wearing the retainer. Even in most of the cases, it may also lead you to the extensive treatment.
Teeth shifting are not a process of few years including the teeth retainer. Somehow this depends on the patient until the time to which they wear retainer regularly.
Know about Types of Retainers
There are not so many types of retainers. A few varieties available that definitely helps you in maintaining the alignment of the tooth and bite. Basically, there are two types of retainers after braces that orthodontists may use on their patients.
1. Permanent Retainers
The name of “Permanent” implies that this type of retainer is tied directly to your teeth and cannot be removed without any assistance of an orthodontist.
This orthodontic appliance was first released in the 1970s, in which many new applications for dentistry were widely introduced to the public. Other terms used to refer to “permanent” retainers are “fused” or “fixed”.
The simplest form of a permanent retainer is a single strand of solid wire, bent in such a way hence it fits passively for facing to the back (palate side or tongue) of the teeth which will be kept their position.
The orthodontist then places the thin wire across behind of the six lower or upper front teeth, which tied using cement the same way to that applied to the brackets of braces.
This type of retainer will stay in your mouth all the time, which means that you need a little more effort to maintain the cleanliness of your teeth and mouth.
In addition to brushing your teeth, you need to use Threader floss to reach deeper into the “Interproximal” spaces between the teeth, the similar way like those who are wearing braces which need to floss.
The permanent retainer may lead to discomfort during the first few days, thus, you may need a little extra of dental wax to be comfortable at times.
2. Removable Retainers
This type of removable retainer is usually applied by your orthodontist after six months or one year of permanent retainer use.
The use of removable retainers makes it easier for the patient to clean up the teeth, however, keep in mind that this retainer should be worn daily according to the orthodontic guidance. There are two types of removable retainers which commonly known in dentistry;
2.1 Hawley retainer
This orthodontic appliance has an acrylic plate and with that a metal wire which runs across the front of the patient’s teeth. The acrylic is then moulded based on the shape of your palate, thus it fits perfectly within your mouth and comfortable to wear.
The drawback of Hawley retainer is that it is very noticeable and sometimes you might lisp at the beginning of wearing it.
2.2 Essix retainer
There is another retainer which is made of clear plastic and resembles one type of aligner (Invisalign). Dentistry calls it an Essix retainer. Many people prefer this type of retainer for one simple reason, it is less noticeable than Hawley one.
Unfortunately, people who wear this type of retainer often find that their upper and lower teeth are not in touch with natural way. In addition, the Essix type needs to be replaced after several years of usage because it starts wearing out.
How Long to Wear Retainers after Braces?
For what time the patients do have to wear this retainer depends on the condition of the patient. If the alignment issue is more than the time of wearing are also increases.
Bones and all the tissue around your teeth takes a certain time to reorganize, hence having retainers after braces removed is absolutely necessary until your teeth indicate a completely stable position. The first month after braces removed is a critical time in which the risk of relapse of misaligned teeth may occur.
Relapse means you need a year or more to stabilize your teeth after removing your braces. However, retention will be longer if you have a gap between the teeth before orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontist recommends the patient till what time they have to wear the retainers for teeth so that they keep their beautiful smile for long. If you are wearing it the night’s then better to consult it with the orthodontist.
Do I Need to Wear Retainers All the Time?
Understanding the retainer’s usage instructions from your orthodontist is an essential matter for achieving the desired outcome.
Some retainers have different deadlines depending on the case being handled. There are several retainers, which are better used for a full time for the first 6 months. After reaching 6 months, they are allowed to be worn only at night, for the rest of the stabilization which may take several years.
There are also, however, retainers that take about a week for full of usage. After that, they are used only at night for the next few years. It takes 5 years for permanent retainers to be kept in place commonly.
Preserve the Retainers
Preserving the retainers is actually quite simple. Whenever you dealing with some activities such as eating, sports and brushing your teeth, then you need to take out your retainers.
Once you have taken out your retainers, use a toothbrush and a little toothpaste to brush the retainers in a tap water.
If you do not wear your retainers within a certain time, keep them in a box instead of wrapping in tissue paper and such to avoid a great risk of losing.
Do Retainers Affect my Daily Life?
For some individuals, it could take them at least a day or two for speaking properly and get accustomed with the retainers placement, especially for those with removable retainers in the upper jaw.
It is also possible for patients with retainers to have plenty of saliva during the first few days of new retainer use, and this is a normal condition.
In addition, you should provide more time to brush your back teeth if you are a permanent retainer user. Brush your entire wire to prevent the formation of calculus. Avoid using front teeth for biting hard foods and such.